summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/keystone/resource/core.py
blob: 3c5c26cde4372f9fd2c9c0deecc7cfb0a2908e9d (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
#      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.

"""Main entry point into the Resource service."""

from oslo_log import log
import six

from keystone import assignment
from keystone.common import cache
from keystone.common import clean
from keystone.common import dependency
from keystone.common import driver_hints
from keystone.common import manager
from keystone.common import utils
import keystone.conf
from keystone import exception
from keystone.i18n import _, _LE, _LW
from keystone import notifications
from keystone.resource.backends import base
from keystone.token import provider as token_provider

CONF = keystone.conf.CONF
LOG = log.getLogger(__name__)
MEMOIZE = cache.get_memoization_decorator(group='resource')


@dependency.provider('resource_api')
@dependency.requires('assignment_api', 'credential_api', 'domain_config_api',
                     'identity_api', 'revoke_api', 'trust_api')
class Manager(manager.Manager):
    """Default pivot point for the Resource backend.

    See :mod:`keystone.common.manager.Manager` for more details on how this
    dynamically calls the backend.

    """

    driver_namespace = 'keystone.resource'

    _DOMAIN = 'domain'
    _PROJECT = 'project'

    def __init__(self):
        resource_driver = CONF.resource.driver
        super(Manager, self).__init__(resource_driver)

    def _get_hierarchy_depth(self, parents_list):
        return len(parents_list) + 1

    def _assert_max_hierarchy_depth(self, project_id, parents_list=None):
        if parents_list is None:
            parents_list = self.list_project_parents(project_id)
        # NOTE(henry-nash): In upgrading to a scenario where domains are
        # represented as projects acting as domains, we will effectively
        # increase the depth of any existing project hierarchy by one. To avoid
        # pushing any existing hierarchies over the limit, we add one to the
        # maximum depth allowed, as specified in the configuration file.
        max_depth = CONF.max_project_tree_depth + 1
        if self._get_hierarchy_depth(parents_list) > max_depth:
            raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                _('Max hierarchy depth reached for %s branch.') % project_id)

    def _assert_is_domain_project_constraints(self, project_ref):
        """Enforce specific constraints of projects that act as domains.

        Called when is_domain is true, this method ensures that:

        * multiple domains are enabled
        * the project name is not the reserved name for a federated domain
        * the project is a root project

        :raises keystone.exception.ValidationError: If one of the constraints
            was not satisfied.
        """
        if (not self.identity_api.multiple_domains_supported and
                project_ref['id'] != CONF.identity.default_domain_id):
            raise exception.ValidationError(
                message=_('Multiple domains are not supported'))

        self.assert_domain_not_federated(project_ref['id'], project_ref)

        if project_ref['parent_id']:
            raise exception.ValidationError(
                message=_('only root projects are allowed to act as '
                          'domains.'))

    def _assert_regular_project_constraints(self, project_ref):
        """Enforce regular project hierarchy constraints.

        Called when is_domain is false. The project must contain a valid
        domain_id and parent_id. The goal of this method is to check
        that the domain_id specified is consistent with the domain of its
        parent.

        :raises keystone.exception.ValidationError: If one of the constraints
            was not satisfied.
        :raises keystone.exception.DomainNotFound: In case the domain is not
            found.
        """
        # Ensure domain_id is valid, and by inference will not be None.
        domain = self.get_domain(project_ref['domain_id'])
        parent_ref = self.get_project(project_ref['parent_id'])

        if parent_ref['is_domain']:
            if parent_ref['id'] != domain['id']:
                raise exception.ValidationError(
                    message=_('Cannot create project, since its parent '
                              '(%(domain_id)s) is acting as a domain, '
                              'but project\'s specified parent_id '
                              '(%(parent_id)s) does not match '
                              'this domain_id.')
                    % {'domain_id': domain['id'],
                       'parent_id': parent_ref['id']})
        else:
            parent_domain_id = parent_ref.get('domain_id')
            if parent_domain_id != domain['id']:
                raise exception.ValidationError(
                    message=_('Cannot create project, since it specifies '
                              'its owner as domain %(domain_id)s, but '
                              'specifies a parent in a different domain '
                              '(%(parent_domain_id)s).')
                    % {'domain_id': domain['id'],
                       'parent_domain_id': parent_domain_id})

    def _enforce_project_constraints(self, project_ref):
        if project_ref.get('is_domain'):
            self._assert_is_domain_project_constraints(project_ref)
        else:
            self._assert_regular_project_constraints(project_ref)
            # The whole hierarchy (upwards) must be enabled
            parent_id = project_ref['parent_id']
            parents_list = self.list_project_parents(parent_id)
            parent_ref = self.get_project(parent_id)
            parents_list.append(parent_ref)
            for ref in parents_list:
                if not ref.get('enabled', True):
                    raise exception.ValidationError(
                        message=_('cannot create a project in a '
                                  'branch containing a disabled '
                                  'project: %s') % ref['id'])

            self._assert_max_hierarchy_depth(project_ref.get('parent_id'),
                                             parents_list)

    def _raise_reserved_character_exception(self, entity_type, name):
        msg = _('%(entity)s name cannot contain the following reserved '
                'characters: %(chars)s')
        raise exception.ValidationError(
            message=msg % {
                'entity': entity_type,
                'chars': utils.list_url_unsafe_chars(name)
            })

    def _generate_project_name_conflict_msg(self, project):
        if project['is_domain']:
            return _('it is not permitted to have two projects '
                     'acting as domains with the same name: %s'
                     ) % project['name']
        else:
            return _('it is not permitted to have two projects '
                     'with the same name in the same domain : %s'
                     ) % project['name']

    def create_project(self, project_id, project, initiator=None):
        project = project.copy()

        if (CONF.resource.project_name_url_safe != 'off' and
                utils.is_not_url_safe(project['name'])):
            self._raise_reserved_character_exception('Project',
                                                     project['name'])

        project.setdefault('enabled', True)
        project['name'] = project['name'].strip()
        project.setdefault('description', '')

        # For regular projects, the controller will ensure we have a valid
        # domain_id. For projects acting as a domain, the project_id
        # is, effectively, the domain_id - and for such projects we don't
        # bother to store a copy of it in the domain_id attribute.
        project.setdefault('domain_id', None)
        project.setdefault('parent_id', None)
        if not project['parent_id']:
            project['parent_id'] = project['domain_id']
        project.setdefault('is_domain', False)

        self._enforce_project_constraints(project)

        # We leave enforcing name uniqueness to the underlying driver (instead
        # of doing it in code in the project_constraints above), so as to allow
        # this check to be done at the storage level, avoiding race conditions
        # in multi-process keystone configurations.
        try:
            ret = self.driver.create_project(project_id, project)
        except exception.Conflict:
            raise exception.Conflict(
                type='project',
                details=self._generate_project_name_conflict_msg(project))

        if project.get('is_domain'):
            notifications.Audit.created(self._DOMAIN, project_id, initiator)
        else:
            notifications.Audit.created(self._PROJECT, project_id, initiator)
        if MEMOIZE.should_cache(ret):
            self.get_project.set(ret, self, project_id)
            self.get_project_by_name.set(ret, self, ret['name'],
                                         ret['domain_id'])
        return ret

    def assert_domain_enabled(self, domain_id, domain=None):
        """Assert the Domain is enabled.

        :raise AssertionError: if domain is disabled.
        """
        if domain is None:
            domain = self.get_domain(domain_id)
        if not domain.get('enabled', True):
            raise AssertionError(_('Domain is disabled: %s') % domain_id)

    def assert_domain_not_federated(self, domain_id, domain):
        """Assert the Domain's name and id do not match the reserved keyword.

        Note that the reserved keyword is defined in the configuration file,
        by default, it is 'Federated', it is also case insensitive.
        If config's option is empty the default hardcoded value 'Federated'
        will be used.

        :raise AssertionError: if domain named match the value in the config.

        """
        # NOTE(marek-denis): We cannot create this attribute in the __init__ as
        # config values are always initialized to default value.
        federated_domain = CONF.federation.federated_domain_name.lower()
        if (domain.get('name') and domain['name'].lower() == federated_domain):
            raise AssertionError(_('Domain cannot be named %s')
                                 % domain['name'])
        if (domain_id.lower() == federated_domain):
            raise AssertionError(_('Domain cannot have ID %s')
                                 % domain_id)

    def assert_project_enabled(self, project_id, project=None):
        """Assert the project is enabled and its associated domain is enabled.

        :raise AssertionError: if the project or domain is disabled.
        """
        if project is None:
            project = self.get_project(project_id)
        # If it's a regular project (i.e. it has a domain_id), we need to make
        # sure the domain itself is not disabled
        if project['domain_id']:
            self.assert_domain_enabled(domain_id=project['domain_id'])
        if not project.get('enabled', True):
            raise AssertionError(_('Project is disabled: %s') % project_id)

    def _assert_all_parents_are_enabled(self, project_id):
        parents_list = self.list_project_parents(project_id)
        for project in parents_list:
            if not project.get('enabled', True):
                raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                    _('Cannot enable project %s since it has disabled '
                      'parents') % project_id)

    def _check_whole_subtree_is_disabled(self, project_id, subtree_list=None):
        if not subtree_list:
            subtree_list = self.list_projects_in_subtree(project_id)
        subtree_enabled = [ref.get('enabled', True) for ref in subtree_list]
        return (not any(subtree_enabled))

    def _update_project(self, project_id, project, initiator=None,
                        cascade=False):
        # Use the driver directly to prevent using old cached value.
        original_project = self.driver.get_project(project_id)
        project = project.copy()
        self._require_matching_domain_id(project, original_project)

        if original_project['is_domain']:
            domain = self._get_domain_from_project(original_project)
            self.assert_domain_not_federated(project_id, domain)
            if 'enabled' in domain:
                domain['enabled'] = clean.domain_enabled(domain['enabled'])
            url_safe_option = CONF.resource.domain_name_url_safe
            exception_entity = 'Domain'
        else:
            url_safe_option = CONF.resource.project_name_url_safe
            exception_entity = 'Project'

        project_name_changed = ('name' in project and project['name'] !=
                                original_project['name'])
        if (url_safe_option != 'off' and project_name_changed and
                utils.is_not_url_safe(project['name'])):
            self._raise_reserved_character_exception(exception_entity,
                                                     project['name'])
        elif project_name_changed:
            project['name'] = clean.project_name(project['name'])

        parent_id = original_project.get('parent_id')
        if 'parent_id' in project and project.get('parent_id') != parent_id:
            raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                _('Update of `parent_id` is not allowed.'))

        if ('is_domain' in project and
                project['is_domain'] != original_project['is_domain']):
            raise exception.ValidationError(
                message=_('Update of `is_domain` is not allowed.'))

        original_project_enabled = original_project.get('enabled', True)
        project_enabled = project.get('enabled', True)
        if not original_project_enabled and project_enabled:
            self._assert_all_parents_are_enabled(project_id)
        if original_project_enabled and not project_enabled:
            # NOTE(htruta): In order to disable a regular project, all its
            # children must already be disabled. However, to keep
            # compatibility with the existing domain behaviour, we allow a
            # project acting as a domain to be disabled irrespective of the
            # state of its children. Disabling a project acting as domain
            # effectively disables its children.
            if (not original_project.get('is_domain') and not cascade and not
                    self._check_whole_subtree_is_disabled(project_id)):
                raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                    _('Cannot disable project %(project_id)s since its '
                      'subtree contains enabled projects.')
                    % {'project_id': project_id})

            notifications.Audit.disabled(self._PROJECT, project_id,
                                         public=False)
        if cascade:
            self._only_allow_enabled_to_update_cascade(project,
                                                       original_project)
            self._update_project_enabled_cascade(project_id, project_enabled)

        try:
            project['is_domain'] = (project.get('is_domain') or
                                    original_project['is_domain'])
            ret = self.driver.update_project(project_id, project)
        except exception.Conflict:
            raise exception.Conflict(
                type='project',
                details=self._generate_project_name_conflict_msg(project))

        try:
            self.get_project.invalidate(self, project_id)
            self.get_project_by_name.invalidate(self, original_project['name'],
                                                original_project['domain_id'])
            if ('domain_id' in project and
               project['domain_id'] != original_project['domain_id']):
                # If the project's domain_id has been updated, invalidate user
                # role assignments cache region, as it may be caching inherited
                # assignments from the old domain to the specified project
                assignment.COMPUTED_ASSIGNMENTS_REGION.invalidate()
        finally:
            # attempt to send audit event even if the cache invalidation raises
            notifications.Audit.updated(self._PROJECT, project_id, initiator)
            if original_project['is_domain']:
                notifications.Audit.updated(self._DOMAIN, project_id,
                                            initiator)
                # If the domain is being disabled, issue the disable
                # notification as well
                if original_project_enabled and not project_enabled:
                    # NOTE(lbragstad): When a domain is disabled, we have to
                    # invalidate the entire token cache. With persistent
                    # tokens, we did something similar where all tokens for a
                    # specific domain were deleted when that domain was
                    # disabled. This effectively offers the same behavior for
                    # non-persistent tokens by removing them from the cache and
                    # requiring the authorization context to be rebuilt the
                    # next time they're validated.
                    token_provider.TOKENS_REGION.invalidate()
                    notifications.Audit.disabled(self._DOMAIN, project_id,
                                                 public=False)

        return ret

    def _only_allow_enabled_to_update_cascade(self, project, original_project):
        for attr in project:
            if attr != 'enabled':
                if project.get(attr) != original_project.get(attr):
                    raise exception.ValidationError(
                        message=_('Cascade update is only allowed for '
                                  'enabled attribute.'))

    def _update_project_enabled_cascade(self, project_id, enabled):
        subtree = self.list_projects_in_subtree(project_id)
        # Update enabled only if different from original value
        subtree_to_update = [child for child in subtree
                             if child['enabled'] != enabled]
        for child in subtree_to_update:
            child['enabled'] = enabled

            if not enabled:
                # Does not in fact disable the project, only emits a
                # notification that it was disabled. The actual disablement
                # is done in the next line.
                notifications.Audit.disabled(self._PROJECT, child['id'],
                                             public=False)

            self.driver.update_project(child['id'], child)

    def update_project(self, project_id, project, initiator=None,
                       cascade=False):
        ret = self._update_project(project_id, project, initiator, cascade)
        if ret['is_domain']:
            self.get_domain.invalidate(self, project_id)
            self.get_domain_by_name.invalidate(self, ret['name'])

        return ret

    def _pre_delete_cleanup_project(self, project_id):
        project_user_ids = (
            self.assignment_api.list_user_ids_for_project(project_id))
        for user_id in project_user_ids:
            payload = {'user_id': user_id, 'project_id': project_id}
            notifications.Audit.internal(
                notifications.INVALIDATE_USER_PROJECT_TOKEN_PERSISTENCE,
                payload
            )

    def _post_delete_cleanup_project(self, project_id, project,
                                     initiator=None):
        try:
            self.get_project.invalidate(self, project_id)
            self.get_project_by_name.invalidate(self, project['name'],
                                                project['domain_id'])
            self.assignment_api.delete_project_assignments(project_id)
            # Invalidate user role assignments cache region, as it may
            # be caching role assignments where the target is
            # the specified project
            assignment.COMPUTED_ASSIGNMENTS_REGION.invalidate()
            self.credential_api.delete_credentials_for_project(project_id)
            self.trust_api.delete_trusts_for_project(project_id)
        finally:
            # attempt to send audit event even if the cache invalidation raises
            notifications.Audit.deleted(self._PROJECT, project_id, initiator)

    def delete_project(self, project_id, initiator=None, cascade=False):
        """Delete one project or a subtree.

        :param cascade: If true, the specified project and all its
                        sub-projects are deleted. Otherwise, only the specified
                        project is deleted.
        :type cascade: boolean
        :raises keystone.exception.ValidationError: if project is a domain
        :raises keystone.exception.Forbidden: if project is not a leaf
        """
        project = self.driver.get_project(project_id)
        if project.get('is_domain'):
            self.delete_domain(project_id, initiator)
        else:
            self._delete_project(project_id, initiator, cascade)

    def _delete_project(self, project_id, initiator=None, cascade=False):
        # Use the driver directly to prevent using old cached value.
        project = self.driver.get_project(project_id)
        if project['is_domain'] and project['enabled']:
            raise exception.ValidationError(
                message=_('cannot delete an enabled project acting as a '
                          'domain. Please disable the project %s first.')
                % project.get('id'))

        if not self.is_leaf_project(project_id) and not cascade:
            raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                _('Cannot delete the project %s since it is not a leaf in the '
                  'hierarchy. Use the cascade option if you want to delete a '
                  'whole subtree.')
                % project_id)

        if cascade:
            # Getting reversed project's subtrees list, i.e. from the leaves
            # to the root, so we do not break parent_id FK.
            subtree_list = self.list_projects_in_subtree(project_id)
            subtree_list.reverse()
            if not self._check_whole_subtree_is_disabled(
                    project_id, subtree_list=subtree_list):
                raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                    _('Cannot delete project %(project_id)s since its subtree '
                      'contains enabled projects.')
                    % {'project_id': project_id})

            project_list = subtree_list + [project]
            projects_ids = [x['id'] for x in project_list]

            for prj in project_list:
                self._pre_delete_cleanup_project(prj['id'])
            ret = self.driver.delete_projects_from_ids(projects_ids)
            for prj in project_list:
                self._post_delete_cleanup_project(prj['id'], prj, initiator)
        else:
            self._pre_delete_cleanup_project(project_id)
            ret = self.driver.delete_project(project_id)
            self._post_delete_cleanup_project(project_id, project, initiator)

        return ret

    def _filter_projects_list(self, projects_list, user_id):
        user_projects = self.assignment_api.list_projects_for_user(user_id)
        user_projects_ids = set([proj['id'] for proj in user_projects])
        # Keep only the projects present in user_projects
        return [proj for proj in projects_list
                if proj['id'] in user_projects_ids]

    def _assert_valid_project_id(self, project_id):
        if project_id is None:
            msg = _('Project field is required and cannot be empty.')
            raise exception.ValidationError(message=msg)
        # Check if project_id exists
        self.get_project(project_id)

    def list_project_parents(self, project_id, user_id=None):
        self._assert_valid_project_id(project_id)
        parents = self.driver.list_project_parents(project_id)
        # If a user_id was provided, the returned list should be filtered
        # against the projects this user has access to.
        if user_id:
            parents = self._filter_projects_list(parents, user_id)
        return parents

    def _build_parents_as_ids_dict(self, project, parents_by_id):
        # NOTE(rodrigods): we don't rely in the order of the projects returned
        # by the list_project_parents() method. Thus, we create a project cache
        # (parents_by_id) in order to access each parent in constant time and
        # traverse up the hierarchy.
        def traverse_parents_hierarchy(project):
            parent_id = project.get('parent_id')
            if not parent_id:
                return None

            parent = parents_by_id[parent_id]
            return {parent_id: traverse_parents_hierarchy(parent)}

        return traverse_parents_hierarchy(project)

    def get_project_parents_as_ids(self, project):
        """Get the IDs from the parents from a given project.

        The project IDs are returned as a structured dictionary traversing up
        the hierarchy to the top level project. For example, considering the
        following project hierarchy::

                                    A
                                    |
                                  +-B-+
                                  |   |
                                  C   D

        If we query for project C parents, the expected return is the following
        dictionary::

            'parents': {
                B['id']: {
                    A['id']: None
                }
            }

        """
        parents_list = self.list_project_parents(project['id'])
        parents_as_ids = self._build_parents_as_ids_dict(
            project, {proj['id']: proj for proj in parents_list})
        return parents_as_ids

    def list_projects_in_subtree(self, project_id, user_id=None):
        self._assert_valid_project_id(project_id)
        subtree = self.driver.list_projects_in_subtree(project_id)
        # If a user_id was provided, the returned list should be filtered
        # against the projects this user has access to.
        if user_id:
            subtree = self._filter_projects_list(subtree, user_id)
        return subtree

    def _build_subtree_as_ids_dict(self, project_id, subtree_by_parent):
        # NOTE(rodrigods): we perform a depth first search to construct the
        # dictionaries representing each level of the subtree hierarchy. In
        # order to improve this traversal performance, we create a cache of
        # projects (subtree_py_parent) that accesses in constant time the
        # direct children of a given project.
        def traverse_subtree_hierarchy(project_id):
            children = subtree_by_parent.get(project_id)
            if not children:
                return None

            children_ids = {}
            for child in children:
                children_ids[child['id']] = traverse_subtree_hierarchy(
                    child['id'])
            return children_ids

        return traverse_subtree_hierarchy(project_id)

    def get_projects_in_subtree_as_ids(self, project_id):
        """Get the IDs from the projects in the subtree from a given project.

        The project IDs are returned as a structured dictionary representing
        their hierarchy. For example, considering the following project
        hierarchy::

                                    A
                                    |
                                  +-B-+
                                  |   |
                                  C   D

        If we query for project A subtree, the expected return is the following
        dictionary::

            'subtree': {
                B['id']: {
                    C['id']: None,
                    D['id']: None
                }
            }

        """
        def _projects_indexed_by_parent(projects_list):
            projects_by_parent = {}
            for proj in projects_list:
                parent_id = proj.get('parent_id')
                if parent_id:
                    if parent_id in projects_by_parent:
                        projects_by_parent[parent_id].append(proj)
                    else:
                        projects_by_parent[parent_id] = [proj]
            return projects_by_parent

        subtree_list = self.list_projects_in_subtree(project_id)
        subtree_as_ids = self._build_subtree_as_ids_dict(
            project_id, _projects_indexed_by_parent(subtree_list))
        return subtree_as_ids

    def list_domains_from_ids(self, domain_ids):
        """List domains for the provided list of ids.

        :param domain_ids: list of ids

        :returns: a list of domain_refs.

        This method is used internally by the assignment manager to bulk read
        a set of domains given their ids.

        """
        # Retrieve the projects acting as domains get their correspondent
        # domains
        projects = self.list_projects_from_ids(domain_ids)
        domains = [self._get_domain_from_project(project)
                   for project in projects]

        return domains

    @MEMOIZE
    def get_domain(self, domain_id):
        try:
            # Retrieve the corresponding project that acts as a domain
            project = self.driver.get_project(domain_id)
            # the DB backend might not operate in case sensitive mode,
            # therefore verify for exact match of IDs
            if domain_id != project['id']:
                raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=domain_id)
        except exception.ProjectNotFound:
            raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=domain_id)

        # Return its correspondent domain
        return self._get_domain_from_project(project)

    @MEMOIZE
    def get_domain_by_name(self, domain_name):
        try:
            # Retrieve the corresponding project that acts as a domain
            project = self.driver.get_project_by_name(domain_name,
                                                      domain_id=None)
        except exception.ProjectNotFound:
            raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=domain_name)

        # Return its correspondent domain
        return self._get_domain_from_project(project)

    def _get_domain_from_project(self, project_ref):
        """Create a domain ref from a project ref.

        Based on the provided project ref, create a domain ref, so that the
        result can be returned in response to a domain API call.
        """
        if not project_ref['is_domain']:
            LOG.error(_LE('Asked to convert a non-domain project into a '
                          'domain - Domain: %(domain_id)s, Project ID: '
                          '%(id)s, Project Name: %(project_name)s'),
                      {'domain_id': project_ref['domain_id'],
                       'id': project_ref['id'],
                       'project_name': project_ref['name']})
            raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=project_ref['id'])

        domain_ref = project_ref.copy()
        # As well as the project specific attributes that we need to remove,
        # there is an old compatibility issue in that update project (as well
        # as extracting an extra attributes), also includes a copy of the
        # actual extra dict as well - something that update domain does not do.
        for k in ['parent_id', 'domain_id', 'is_domain', 'extra']:
            domain_ref.pop(k, None)

        return domain_ref

    def create_domain(self, domain_id, domain, initiator=None):
        if (CONF.resource.domain_name_url_safe != 'off' and
                utils.is_not_url_safe(domain['name'])):
            self._raise_reserved_character_exception('Domain', domain['name'])
        project_from_domain = base.get_project_from_domain(domain)
        is_domain_project = self.create_project(
            domain_id, project_from_domain, initiator)

        return self._get_domain_from_project(is_domain_project)

    @manager.response_truncated
    def list_domains(self, hints=None):
        projects = self.list_projects_acting_as_domain(hints)
        domains = [self._get_domain_from_project(project)
                   for project in projects]
        return domains

    def update_domain(self, domain_id, domain, initiator=None):
        # TODO(henry-nash): We shouldn't have to check for the federated domain
        # here as well as _update_project, but currently our tests assume the
        # checks are done in a specific order. The tests should be refactored.
        self.assert_domain_not_federated(domain_id, domain)
        project = base.get_project_from_domain(domain)
        try:
            original_domain = self.driver.get_project(domain_id)
            project = self._update_project(domain_id, project, initiator)
        except exception.ProjectNotFound:
            raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=domain_id)

        domain_from_project = self._get_domain_from_project(project)
        self.get_domain.invalidate(self, domain_id)
        self.get_domain_by_name.invalidate(self, original_domain['name'])

        return domain_from_project

    def delete_domain(self, domain_id, initiator=None):
        # Use the driver directly to get the project that acts as a domain and
        # prevent using old cached value.
        try:
            domain = self.driver.get_project(domain_id)
        except exception.ProjectNotFound:
            raise exception.DomainNotFound(domain_id=domain_id)

        # To help avoid inadvertent deletes, we insist that the domain
        # has been previously disabled.  This also prevents a user deleting
        # their own domain since, once it is disabled, they won't be able
        # to get a valid token to issue this delete.
        if domain['enabled']:
            raise exception.ForbiddenNotSecurity(
                _('Cannot delete a domain that is enabled, please disable it '
                  'first.'))

        self._delete_domain_contents(domain_id)
        notifications.Audit.internal(
            notifications.DOMAIN_DELETED, domain_id
        )
        self._delete_project(domain_id, initiator)
        try:
            self.get_domain.invalidate(self, domain_id)
            self.get_domain_by_name.invalidate(self, domain['name'])
            # Delete any database stored domain config
            self.domain_config_api.delete_config_options(domain_id)
            self.domain_config_api.release_registration(domain_id)
        finally:
            # attempt to send audit event even if the cache invalidation raises
            notifications.Audit.deleted(self._DOMAIN, domain_id, initiator)

    def _delete_domain_contents(self, domain_id):
        """Delete the contents of a domain.

        Before we delete a domain, we need to remove all the entities
        that are owned by it, i.e. Projects. To do this we
        call the delete function for these entities, which are
        themselves responsible for deleting any credentials and role grants
        associated with them as well as revoking any relevant tokens.

        """
        def _delete_projects(project, projects, examined):
            if project['id'] in examined:
                msg = _LE('Circular reference or a repeated entry found '
                          'projects hierarchy - %(project_id)s.')
                LOG.error(msg, {'project_id': project['id']})
                return

            examined.add(project['id'])
            children = [proj for proj in projects
                        if proj.get('parent_id') == project['id']]
            for proj in children:
                _delete_projects(proj, projects, examined)

            try:
                self.delete_project(project['id'], initiator=None)
            except exception.ProjectNotFound:
                LOG.debug(('Project %(projectid)s not found when '
                           'deleting domain contents for %(domainid)s, '
                           'continuing with cleanup.'),
                          {'projectid': project['id'],
                           'domainid': domain_id})

        proj_refs = self.list_projects_in_domain(domain_id)

        # Deleting projects recursively
        roots = [x for x in proj_refs if x.get('parent_id') == domain_id]
        examined = set()
        for project in roots:
            _delete_projects(project, proj_refs, examined)

    @manager.response_truncated
    def list_projects(self, hints=None):
        return self.driver.list_projects(hints or driver_hints.Hints())

    # NOTE(henry-nash): list_projects_in_domain is actually an internal method
    # and not exposed via the API.  Therefore there is no need to support
    # driver hints for it.
    def list_projects_in_domain(self, domain_id):
        return self.driver.list_projects_in_domain(domain_id)

    def list_projects_acting_as_domain(self, hints=None):
        return self.driver.list_projects_acting_as_domain(
            hints or driver_hints.Hints())

    @MEMOIZE
    def get_project(self, project_id):
        return self.driver.get_project(project_id)

    @MEMOIZE
    def get_project_by_name(self, project_name, domain_id):
        return self.driver.get_project_by_name(project_name, domain_id)

    def ensure_default_domain_exists(self):
        """Create the default domain if it doesn't exist.

        This is only used for the v2 API and can go away when V2 does.

        """
        try:
            default_domain_attrs = {
                'name': 'Default',
                'id': CONF.identity.default_domain_id,
                'description': 'Domain created automatically to support V2.0 '
                               'operations.',
            }
            self.create_domain(CONF.identity.default_domain_id,
                               default_domain_attrs)
            LOG.warning(_LW(
                'The default domain was created automatically to contain V2 '
                'resources. This is deprecated in the M release and will not '
                'be supported in the O release. Create the default domain '
                'manually or use the keystone-manage bootstrap command.'))
        except exception.Conflict:
            LOG.debug('The default domain already exists.')
        except Exception:
            LOG.error(_LE('Failed to create the default domain.'))
            raise

    def _require_matching_domain_id(self, new_ref, orig_ref):
        """Ensure the current domain ID matches the reference one, if any.

        Provided we want domain IDs to be immutable, check whether any
        domain_id specified in the ref dictionary matches the existing
        domain_id for this entity.

        :param new_ref: the dictionary of new values proposed for this entity
        :param orig_ref: the dictionary of original values proposed for this
                         entity
        :raises: :class:`keystone.exception.ValidationError`
        """
        if 'domain_id' in new_ref:
            if new_ref['domain_id'] != orig_ref['domain_id']:
                raise exception.ValidationError(_('Cannot change Domain ID'))


MEMOIZE_CONFIG = cache.get_memoization_decorator(group='domain_config')


@dependency.provider('domain_config_api')
class DomainConfigManager(manager.Manager):
    """Default pivot point for the Domain Config backend."""

    # NOTE(henry-nash): In order for a config option to be stored in the
    # standard table, it must be explicitly whitelisted. Options marked as
    # sensitive are stored in a separate table. Attempting to store options
    # that are not listed as either whitelisted or sensitive will raise an
    # exception.
    #
    # Only those options that affect the domain-specific driver support in
    # the identity manager are supported.

    driver_namespace = 'keystone.resource.domain_config'

    whitelisted_options = {
        'identity': ['driver', 'list_limit'],
        'ldap': [
            'url', 'user', 'suffix', 'query_scope', 'page_size',
            'alias_dereferencing', 'debug_level', 'chase_referrals',
            'user_tree_dn', 'user_filter', 'user_objectclass',
            'user_id_attribute', 'user_name_attribute', 'user_mail_attribute',
            'user_description_attribute', 'user_pass_attribute',
            'user_enabled_attribute', 'user_enabled_invert',
            'user_enabled_mask', 'user_enabled_default',
            'user_attribute_ignore', 'user_default_project_id_attribute',
            'user_enabled_emulation', 'user_enabled_emulation_dn',
            'user_enabled_emulation_use_group_config',
            'user_additional_attribute_mapping', 'group_tree_dn',
            'group_filter', 'group_objectclass', 'group_id_attribute',
            'group_name_attribute', 'group_member_attribute',
            'group_desc_attribute', 'group_attribute_ignore',
            'group_additional_attribute_mapping', 'tls_cacertfile',
            'tls_cacertdir', 'use_tls', 'tls_req_cert', 'use_pool',
            'pool_size', 'pool_retry_max', 'pool_retry_delay',
            'pool_connection_timeout', 'pool_connection_lifetime',
            'use_auth_pool', 'auth_pool_size', 'auth_pool_connection_lifetime'
        ]
    }
    sensitive_options = {
        'identity': [],
        'ldap': ['password']
    }

    def __init__(self):
        super(DomainConfigManager, self).__init__(CONF.domain_config.driver)

    def _assert_valid_config(self, config):
        """Ensure the options in the config are valid.

        This method is called to validate the request config in create and
        update manager calls.

        :param config: config structure being created or updated

        """
        # Something must be defined in the request
        if not config:
            raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(
                reason=_('No options specified'))

        # Make sure the groups/options defined in config itself are valid
        for group in config:
            if (not config[group] or not
                    isinstance(config[group], dict)):
                msg = _('The value of group %(group)s specified in the '
                        'config should be a dictionary of options') % {
                            'group': group}
                raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)
            for option in config[group]:
                self._assert_valid_group_and_option(group, option)

    def _assert_valid_group_and_option(self, group, option):
        """Ensure the combination of group and option is valid.

        :param group: optional group name, if specified it must be one
                      we support
        :param option: optional option name, if specified it must be one
                       we support and a group must also be specified

        """
        if not group and not option:
            # For all calls, it's OK for neither to be defined, it means you
            # are operating on all config options for that domain.
            return

        if not group and option:
            # Our API structure should prevent this from ever happening, so if
            # it does, then this is coding error.
            msg = _('Option %(option)s found with no group specified while '
                    'checking domain configuration request') % {
                        'option': option}
            raise exception.UnexpectedError(exception=msg)

        if (group and group not in self.whitelisted_options and
                group not in self.sensitive_options):
            msg = _('Group %(group)s is not supported '
                    'for domain specific configurations') % {'group': group}
            raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)

        if option:
            if (option not in self.whitelisted_options[group] and option not in
                    self.sensitive_options[group]):
                msg = _('Option %(option)s in group %(group)s is not '
                        'supported for domain specific configurations') % {
                            'group': group, 'option': option}
                raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)

    def _is_sensitive(self, group, option):
        return option in self.sensitive_options[group]

    def _config_to_list(self, config):
        """Build list of options for use by backend drivers."""
        option_list = []
        for group in config:
            for option in config[group]:
                option_list.append({
                    'group': group, 'option': option,
                    'value': config[group][option],
                    'sensitive': self._is_sensitive(group, option)})

        return option_list

    def _option_dict(self, group, option):
        group_attr = getattr(CONF, group)
        return {'group': group, 'option': option,
                'value': getattr(group_attr, option)}

    def _list_to_config(self, whitelisted, sensitive=None, req_option=None):
        """Build config dict from a list of option dicts.

        :param whitelisted: list of dicts containing options and their groups,
                            this has already been filtered to only contain
                            those options to include in the output.
        :param sensitive: list of dicts containing sensitive options and their
                          groups, this has already been filtered to only
                          contain those options to include in the output.
        :param req_option: the individual option requested

        :returns: a config dict, including sensitive if specified

        """
        the_list = whitelisted + (sensitive or [])
        if not the_list:
            return {}

        if req_option:
            # The request was specific to an individual option, so
            # no need to include the group in the output. We first check that
            # there is only one option in the answer (and that it's the right
            # one) - if not, something has gone wrong and we raise an error
            if len(the_list) > 1 or the_list[0]['option'] != req_option:
                LOG.error(_LE('Unexpected results in response for domain '
                              'config - %(count)s responses, first option is '
                              '%(option)s, expected option %(expected)s'),
                          {'count': len(the_list), 'option': list[0]['option'],
                           'expected': req_option})
                raise exception.UnexpectedError(
                    _('An unexpected error occurred when retrieving domain '
                      'configs'))
            return {the_list[0]['option']: the_list[0]['value']}

        config = {}
        for option in the_list:
            config.setdefault(option['group'], {})
            config[option['group']][option['option']] = option['value']

        return config

    def create_config(self, domain_id, config):
        """Create config for a domain.

        :param domain_id: the domain in question
        :param config: the dict of config groups/options to assign to the
                       domain

        Creates a new config, overwriting any previous config (no Conflict
        error will be generated).

        :returns: a dict of group dicts containing the options, with any that
                  are sensitive removed
        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when the config
                contains options we do not support

        """
        self._assert_valid_config(config)
        option_list = self._config_to_list(config)
        self.create_config_options(domain_id, option_list)
        # Since we are caching on the full substituted config, we just
        # invalidate here, rather than try and create the right result to
        # cache.
        self.get_config_with_sensitive_info.invalidate(self, domain_id)
        return self._list_to_config(self.list_config_options(domain_id))

    def get_config(self, domain_id, group=None, option=None):
        """Get config, or partial config, for a domain.

        :param domain_id: the domain in question
        :param group: an optional specific group of options
        :param option: an optional specific option within the group

        :returns: a dict of group dicts containing the whitelisted options,
                  filtered by group and option specified
        :raises keystone.exception.DomainConfigNotFound: when no config found
                that matches domain_id, group and option specified
        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when the config
                and group/option parameters specify an option we do not
                support

        An example response::

            {
                'ldap': {
                    'url': 'myurl'
                    'user_tree_dn': 'OU=myou'},
                'identity': {
                    'driver': 'ldap'}

            }

        """
        self._assert_valid_group_and_option(group, option)
        whitelisted = self.list_config_options(domain_id, group, option)
        if whitelisted:
            return self._list_to_config(whitelisted, req_option=option)

        if option:
            msg = _('option %(option)s in group %(group)s') % {
                'group': group, 'option': option}
        elif group:
            msg = _('group %(group)s') % {'group': group}
        else:
            msg = _('any options')
        raise exception.DomainConfigNotFound(
            domain_id=domain_id, group_or_option=msg)

    def get_security_compliance_config(self, domain_id, group, option=None):
        r"""Get full or partial security compliance config from configuration.

        :param domain_id: the domain in question
        :param group: a specific group of options
        :param option: an optional specific option within the group

        :returns: a dict of group dicts containing the whitelisted options,
                  filtered by group and option specified
        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when the config
                and group/option parameters specify an option we do not
                support

        An example response::

            {
                'security_compliance': {
                    'password_regex': '^(?=.*\d)(?=.*[a-zA-Z]).{7,}$'
                    'password_regex_description':
                        'A password must consist of at least 1 letter, '
                        '1 digit, and have a minimum length of 7 characters'
                    }
            }

        """
        if domain_id != CONF.identity.default_domain_id:
            msg = _('Reading security compliance information for any domain '
                    'other than the default domain is not allowed or '
                    'supported.')
            raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)

        config_list = []
        readable_options = ['password_regex', 'password_regex_description']
        if option and option not in readable_options:
            msg = _('Reading security compliance values other than '
                    'password_regex and password_regex_description is not '
                    'allowed.')
            raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)
        elif option and option in readable_options:
            config_list.append(self._option_dict(group, option))
        elif not option:
            for op in readable_options:
                config_list.append(self._option_dict(group, op))
        # We already validated that the group is the security_compliance group
        # so we can move along and start validating the options
        return self._list_to_config(config_list, req_option=option)

    def update_config(self, domain_id, config, group=None, option=None):
        """Update config, or partial config, for a domain.

        :param domain_id: the domain in question
        :param config: the config dict containing and groups/options being
                       updated
        :param group: an optional specific group of options, which if specified
                      must appear in config, with no other groups
        :param option: an optional specific option within the group, which if
                       specified must appear in config, with no other options

        The contents of the supplied config will be merged with the existing
        config for this domain, updating or creating new options if these did
        not previously exist. If group or option is specified, then the update
        will be limited to those specified items and the inclusion of other
        options in the supplied config will raise an exception, as will the
        situation when those options do not already exist in the current
        config.

        :returns: a dict of groups containing all whitelisted options
        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when the config
                and group/option parameters specify an option we do not
                support or one that does not exist in the original config

        """
        def _assert_valid_update(domain_id, config, group=None, option=None):
            """Ensure the combination of config, group and option is valid."""
            self._assert_valid_config(config)
            self._assert_valid_group_and_option(group, option)

            # If a group has been specified, then the request is to
            # explicitly only update the options in that group - so the config
            # must not contain anything else. Further, that group must exist in
            # the original config. Likewise, if an option has been specified,
            # then the group in the config must only contain that option and it
            # also must exist in the original config.
            if group:
                if len(config) != 1 or (option and len(config[group]) != 1):
                    if option:
                        msg = _('Trying to update option %(option)s in group '
                                '%(group)s, so that, and only that, option '
                                'must be specified  in the config') % {
                                    'group': group, 'option': option}
                    else:
                        msg = _('Trying to update group %(group)s, so that, '
                                'and only that, group must be specified in '
                                'the config') % {'group': group}
                    raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)

                # So we now know we have the right number of entries in the
                # config that align with a group/option being specified, but we
                # must also make sure they match.
                if group not in config:
                    msg = _('request to update group %(group)s, but config '
                            'provided contains group %(group_other)s '
                            'instead') % {
                                'group': group,
                                'group_other': list(config.keys())[0]}
                    raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)
                if option and option not in config[group]:
                    msg = _('Trying to update option %(option)s in group '
                            '%(group)s, but config provided contains option '
                            '%(option_other)s instead') % {
                                'group': group, 'option': option,
                                'option_other': list(config[group].keys())[0]}
                    raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)

                # Finally, we need to check if the group/option specified
                # already exists in the original config - since if not, to keep
                # with the semantics of an update, we need to fail with
                # a DomainConfigNotFound
                if not self._get_config_with_sensitive_info(domain_id,
                                                            group, option):
                    if option:
                        msg = _('option %(option)s in group %(group)s') % {
                            'group': group, 'option': option}
                        raise exception.DomainConfigNotFound(
                            domain_id=domain_id, group_or_option=msg)
                    else:
                        msg = _('group %(group)s') % {'group': group}
                        raise exception.DomainConfigNotFound(
                            domain_id=domain_id, group_or_option=msg)

        update_config = config
        if group and option:
            # The config will just be a dict containing the option and
            # its value, so make it look like a single option under the
            # group in question
            update_config = {group: config}

        _assert_valid_update(domain_id, update_config, group, option)

        option_list = self._config_to_list(update_config)
        self.update_config_options(domain_id, option_list)

        self.get_config_with_sensitive_info.invalidate(self, domain_id)
        return self.get_config(domain_id)

    def delete_config(self, domain_id, group=None, option=None):
        """Delete config, or partial config, for the domain.

        :param domain_id: the domain in question
        :param group: an optional specific group of options
        :param option: an optional specific option within the group

        If group and option are None, then the entire config for the domain
        is deleted. If group is not None, then just that group of options will
        be deleted. If group and option are both specified, then just that
        option is deleted.

        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when group/option
                parameters specify an option we do not support or one that
                does not exist in the original config.

        """
        self._assert_valid_group_and_option(group, option)
        if group:
            # As this is a partial delete, then make sure the items requested
            # are valid and exist in the current config
            current_config = self._get_config_with_sensitive_info(domain_id)
            # Raise an exception if the group/options specified don't exist in
            # the current config so that the delete method provides the
            # correct error semantics.
            current_group = current_config.get(group)
            if not current_group:
                msg = _('group %(group)s') % {'group': group}
                raise exception.DomainConfigNotFound(
                    domain_id=domain_id, group_or_option=msg)
            if option and not current_group.get(option):
                msg = _('option %(option)s in group %(group)s') % {
                    'group': group, 'option': option}
                raise exception.DomainConfigNotFound(
                    domain_id=domain_id, group_or_option=msg)

        self.delete_config_options(domain_id, group, option)
        self.get_config_with_sensitive_info.invalidate(self, domain_id)

    def _get_config_with_sensitive_info(self, domain_id, group=None,
                                        option=None):
        """Get config for a domain/group/option with sensitive info included.

        This is only used by the methods within this class, which may need to
        check individual groups or options.

        """
        whitelisted = self.list_config_options(domain_id, group, option)
        sensitive = self.list_config_options(domain_id, group, option,
                                             sensitive=True)

        # Check if there are any sensitive substitutions needed. We first try
        # and simply ensure any sensitive options that have valid substitution
        # references in the whitelisted options are substituted. We then check
        # the resulting whitelisted option and raise a warning if there
        # appears to be an unmatched or incorrectly constructed substitution
        # reference. To avoid the risk of logging any sensitive options that
        # have already been substituted, we first take a copy of the
        # whitelisted option.

        # Build a dict of the sensitive options ready to try substitution
        sensitive_dict = {s['option']: s['value'] for s in sensitive}

        for each_whitelisted in whitelisted:
            if not isinstance(each_whitelisted['value'], six.string_types):
                # We only support substitutions into string types, if its an
                # integer, list etc. then just continue onto the next one
                continue

            # Store away the original value in case we need to raise a warning
            # after substitution.
            original_value = each_whitelisted['value']
            warning_msg = ''
            try:
                each_whitelisted['value'] = (
                    each_whitelisted['value'] % sensitive_dict)
            except KeyError:
                warning_msg = _LW(
                    'Found what looks like an unmatched config option '
                    'substitution reference - domain: %(domain)s, group: '
                    '%(group)s, option: %(option)s, value: %(value)s. Perhaps '
                    'the config option to which it refers has yet to be '
                    'added?')
            except (ValueError, TypeError):
                warning_msg = _LW(
                    'Found what looks like an incorrectly constructed '
                    'config option substitution reference - domain: '
                    '%(domain)s, group: %(group)s, option: %(option)s, '
                    'value: %(value)s.')

            if warning_msg:
                LOG.warning(warning_msg % {
                    'domain': domain_id,
                    'group': each_whitelisted['group'],
                    'option': each_whitelisted['option'],
                    'value': original_value})

        return self._list_to_config(whitelisted, sensitive)

    @MEMOIZE_CONFIG
    def get_config_with_sensitive_info(self, domain_id):
        """Get config for a domain with sensitive info included.

        This method is not exposed via the public API, but is used by the
        identity manager to initialize a domain with the fully formed config
        options.

        """
        return self._get_config_with_sensitive_info(domain_id)

    def get_config_default(self, group=None, option=None):
        """Get default config, or partial default config.

        :param group: an optional specific group of options
        :param option: an optional specific option within the group

        :returns: a dict of group dicts containing the default options,
                  filtered by group and option if specified
        :raises keystone.exception.InvalidDomainConfig: when the config
                and group/option parameters specify an option we do not
                support (or one that is not whitelisted).

        An example response::

            {
                'ldap': {
                    'url': 'myurl',
                    'user_tree_dn': 'OU=myou',
                    ....},
                'identity': {
                    'driver': 'ldap'}

            }

        """
        self._assert_valid_group_and_option(group, option)
        config_list = []
        if group:
            if option:
                if option not in self.whitelisted_options[group]:
                    msg = _('Reading the default for option %(option)s in '
                            'group %(group)s is not supported') % {
                                'option': option, 'group': group}
                    raise exception.InvalidDomainConfig(reason=msg)
                config_list.append(self._option_dict(group, option))
            else:
                for each_option in self.whitelisted_options[group]:
                    config_list.append(self._option_dict(group, each_option))
        else:
            for each_group in self.whitelisted_options:
                for each_option in self.whitelisted_options[each_group]:
                    config_list.append(
                        self._option_dict(each_group, each_option)
                    )

        return self._list_to_config(config_list, req_option=option)